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Bibliography and Filmography

There are two very useful film resource lists on online. These are:
Bullfrog’s Environmental Film Catalog
Environmental Communication Network’s Filmography

The following bibliography lists most of the key works in Ecomedia Studies. By no means is the list complete. However, it should provide a good starting point for anyone interested in exploring the scholarship. Please send suggested additions to

Articles in Edited Anthologies
Journal Articles



Alison Anderson. Media, Culture, and the Environment. Rutgers University Press, 1997.



Steve Baker. Picturing the Beast: Animals, Identity, and Representation. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2001.


John Berger. About Looking. London: Vintage International. 1980.


John Blewitt. Media, Ecology and Conservation. Green Books, 2010.


Jay David Bolter. Remediation: Understanding New Media. MIT Press, 1999.


Derek Bousé. Wildlife Films. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.


Nadia Bozak. The Cinematic Footprint: Lights, Cameras, and Natural Resources. NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2012.


Pat Brereton. Environmental Ethics and Film. London: Routledge, 2016.


Pat Brereton. Hollywood Utopia: Ecology in Contemporary American Cinema. Portland, OR: Intellect Ltd., 2005.


Mike Budd, Steve Craig, and Clayton M. Steinman. Consuming Environments: Television and Commercial Culture. Rutgers UP: 1999.


Jonathan Burt. Animals in Film. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2002.



Deborah Carmichael, Editor. The Landscape of Hollywood Westerns: Ecocriticism in the American Film Genre. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 2006.


Cynthia Chris. Watching Wildlife. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, 2006.


Verena Andermattvv Conley. Ecopolitics: The Environment in Poststructuralist Thought. New York: Routledge, c1997.


Robert Cox. Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere. 3rd Edition. Los Angeles: Sage, 2013.


Sean Cubitt. Eco Media. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2005.



Kevin DeLuca. Image Politics: The New Rhetoric of Environmental Activism. NY: Guilford Press, 1999.


Sidney Dobrin and Sean Morey. Editors. Ecosee: Image, Rhetoric, and Nature. Albany NY: Suny University Press, 2009.


Finis Dunaway. Natural Visions: The Power of Images in American Environmental Reform. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.





Lee Gambin. Massacred by Mother Nature: Exploring the Natural Horror Film. Midnight Marquee, 2012.


Torben Grodal. Embodied Visions: Evolution, Emotion, Culture, and Film. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009.


Elizabeth Grossman. (2006). High Tech Trash: Digital Devices, Hidden Toxics, and Human Health. Washington: Island Press.


Tommy Gustafsson and Pietari Kääpä, Editors. Transnational Ecocinema: Film Culture in an Era of Ecological Transformation. University of Chicago Press, 2013.



Donna Haraway. Primate Visions: Gender, Race, and Nature in the World of Modern Science. New York: Routledge, 1989.

—. When Species Meet. University of Minnesota Press, 2008.


Jhan Hochman. Green Cultural Studies: Nature in Film, Novel, and Theory. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho Press, 1998.



David Ingram. Green Screen: Environmentalism and Hollywood Cinema. Exeter, UK: University of Exeter Press, 2000.

—. The Jukebox in the Garden: Ecocriticism and American Popular Music since 1960. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2010.


Adrian Ivakhiv. Ecologies of the Moving Image: Cinema, Affect, Nature. Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2013.



Julia Leyda and Diane Negra. Extreme Weather and Global Media. Routledge, 2015


Nils Lindahl-Elliot.  Mediating Nature. New York: Routledge, 2006.


Akira Mizuta Lippit.  Electric Animal: Toward a Rhetoric of Wildlife. 2000; Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.


Antonio Lopez. Mediacology: A Multicultural Approach to Media Literacy in the Twenty-first Century. Peter Lang International Academic Publishers, 2008.

—.The Media Ecosystem: What Ecology Can Teach Us about Responsible Media Practice. Evolver, 2012.


Sheldon H. Lu and Jiayan Mi. Chinese Ecocinema: In the Age of Environmental Challenge. Seattle: U Washington Press, 2010.



Scott MacDonald. Adventures of Perception. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2009.

—.The Garden in the Machine: A Field Guide to Independent Films about Place. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001.

Scott MacKenzie and Anna Westerståhl Stenport, eds. FILMS ON ICE: Cinemas of the Arctic.

Ediburgh University Press, 2015.

Richard Maxwell and Toby Miller. Greening the Media. New York: Oxford UP, 2012.


Richard Maxwell, Jon Raundalen, and Nina Lager Vestberg, editors. Media and the Ecological Crisis. Routledge, 2015.


Sarah E.McFarland and Ryan Hediger, Editors. Animals and Agency. Boston: Brill, 2009.


Kristi McKim. Cinema as Weather: Stylistic Screens and Atmospheric Change. Routledge, 2012.


Mark Meister and Phyllis M. Japp, Editors. Enviropop: Studies in Environmental Rhetoric and Popular Culture. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.


Gregg Mitman. Reel Nature: : America’s Romance with Wildlife on Film. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.


Claire Molloy. Popular Media and Animals. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.


Bernice Murphy. The Rural Gothic in American Popular Culture. New York: Palgrave, 2013.


Robin L. Murray and Joseph K. Heumann. Ecology and Popular Film: Cinema on the Edge. NY: SUNY Press, 2009.

—. Film and Everyday Eco-disasters. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2014.

—. Gunfight at the Eco-corral: Western Cinema and the Environment. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2012.

—. That’s All Folks?: Ecocritical Readings of American Animated Features. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.



Anil Narine, Editor. Eco-Trauma Cinema. New York: Routledge, 2014.



Adam O’Brien. Transactions with the World: Ecocriticism and the Environmental Sensibility of New Hollywood. Berghahn Books: 2016.


Otto, Eric C. Green Speculations: Science Fiction and Transformative Environmentalism. Ohio State University Press: 2012.



Chris Palmer. Shooting in the Wild: An Insider’s Account of Making Movies in the Wild. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 2010.

—. Confessions of a Wildlife Filmmaker: The Challenges of Staying Honest in an Industry Where Ratings Are King. Bluefield Publishing, 2015.


Jussi Parikka. Insect Media: An Archaeology of Animals and Technology. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.

—. Medianatures: Materiality of Information Technology and Electronic Waste. Living Books About Life-project (Open Humanities Press, E-book/online book), 2011.


John Durham Peters. The Marvelous Clouds: Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media. University of Chicago Press, 2015.


Anat Pick. Creaturely Poetics: Animality and Vulnerability in Literature and Film. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.


Anat Pick and Guinevere Narraway, Editors. Screening Nature: Cinema Beyond the Human. New York: Berghahn, 2013.



Stephen Rust, Salma Monani, and Sean Cubitt, Editors. Ecocinema Theory and Practice. New York: AFI/Routledge, 2013.

Stephen Rust, Salma Monani, and Sean Cubitt, Editors. Ecomedia: Key Issues. London: Earthscan/Routledge, 2016.


Birgit Schneider and Thomas Nockes. Image Politics of Climate Change: Visualizations, Imaginations, Documentations (Transcript, Germany, 2014).


P. Adams Sitney. Eyes Upside Down: Visionary Filmmakers and the Heritage of Emerson. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009.


Ted Smith, David A. Sonnenfeld, and David Naguib Pellow (2006). Challenging the Chip: Labor Rights and Environmental Justice in the Global Electronics Industry. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.



Bron Taylor, Editor. Avatar and Nature Spirituality. Wilfrid Laurier UP (2013).


Eugene Thacker. Biomedia. Minnesota UP, 2004.



Alexa Weik von Mossner, Editor. Moving Environments: Affect, Emotion, Ecology, and Film. Wilfrid Laurier, 2014.


Paul Wells. The Animated Bestiary: Animals, Cartoons, and Culture. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers, UP, 2009.


David Whitley. The Idea of Nature in Disney Animation. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2008.


Alexander Wilson. The Culture of Nature: Northern American Landscape from Disney to Exxon Valdez. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 1992.


Paula Willoquet-Maricondi. Framing the World: Explorations in Ecocriticism and Film. An edited collection of essays on film, nature, and environmental justice. University of Virginia Press, August 2011.  click here

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Articles in Edited Collections



Armbruster, Karla. “Creating the World we must Save: The Paradox of Television Nature Documentaries.” Writing the Environment: Ecocriticism and Literature. Ed. Richard Kerridge and Neil Sammells. London: Zed Books, 1998. 218-238.



Braudy, Leo. “The Genre of Nature: Ceremonies of Innocence.” Refiguring American Film Genres: History and Theory. Ed. Nick Browne. Berkeley: U California Press, 1998. 278-310.


Brower, Matthew. “Capturing Animals.” Developing Animals: Wildlife and Early American Photography. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011: 13-21.



Clark, Joseph. “Second Chances: Depictions of the Natural World in Second Life.” Creating Second Lives: Community, Identity, and Spatiality as Constructions of the Virtual. Eds. Astrid Ensslin and Eben Muse. NY: Routledge, 2011.



Foy, Joseph J. “It Came from Planet Earth: Eco-horror and the Politics of Postenvironmentalism in The Happening.” Homer Simpson Marches on Washington: Dissent Through American Popular Culture. Ed. Tim M. Dale and Joseph J. Foy. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2010: 167-189.



Ingram, David. “Hollywood Cinema and Climate Change: The Day After Tomorrow“. Words on Water: Literary and Cultural Representations. Eds. Maureen Devine and Christa Grewe-Volpp. Trier: WVT Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2008, 53-63.


Ivakhiv, Adrian. “Teaching Ecocriticism and Cinema.” Teaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies. Ed. Greg Garrard. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.



Jhally, Sut. “Advertising at the Edge of the Apocalypse.” Critical Studies in Media Commercialism. Eds. Robin Anderson and Lance Strate. New York: Oxford UP, 2000: 27-39.



Lauro, Sarah Juliet. “The Eco-Zombi: Environmental Critique in Zombie Fiction.” Generation Zombie: Essays on the Living Dead in Modern Culture. Stephanie Boluk and Wylie Lenz, Eds. McFarland: 2011: 54-66.


Light, Andrew. “Boyz in the Woods: Urban Wilderness in American Cinema.” The Nature of Cities: Ecocriticism and Urban Environments. Ed. Michael Bennett and David Teague. W. Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press, 1999. 137-156.


Lulka, David. “Consuming Timothy Treadwell: Redefining Nonhuman Agency in Light of Herzog’s Grizzly Man. Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Exploration. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2009: 67-88.



McFarland, Sarah E. “Dancing Penguins and a Pretentious Raccoon: Animated Animals as 21st Century Environmentalism.” Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Exploration. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2009:89-105.


Miller, Toby.“La mano visible: Apuntes sobre la incorporación del impacto ambiental de las tecnologías mediaticas en la investigación sobre medios y globalización.” Comunicación. Ed. José Carlos Lozano Rendón. Monterrey: Fondo Editorial de Nuevo León. 2008, 121-25.


Molloy, Claire. “Being a Known Animal.” Beyond Human: From Animality to Transhumanism. Eds. Charlie Blake, Claire Molloy, and Steven Shakespeare. London: Continuum, 2012.


Morton, Timothy. “Pandora’s Box: Avatar, Ecology, Thought.” Green Planets: Ecology and Science Fiction. Eds. Gerry Canavan and Kim Stanley Robinson. Wesleyan University Press, 2014.



Parks, Lisa (2007). “Falling Apart: Electronics Salvaging and the Global Media Economy.” In Charles Acland, ed., Residual Media. Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press, 32-47.


Plevin, Arlene. “Home Everywhere and the Injured Body of the World: The Subversive Humor of Blue Vinyl.” Ed. Rachel Stein. New Perspectives on Environmental Justice. Newark, NJ: The State University of New Jersey, 2004. 225-239.


Retzinger, Jean. “Cultivating the Agrarian Myth in Hollywood.” Enviropop: Studies in Environmental Rhetoric and Popular Culture. Ed. Mark Meister and Phyllis Japp. Westport, CT: Praeger Press, 2002. 45-62.


Rust, Stephen. “Avatar: Ecorealism and the Blockbuster Melodrama.” Avatar and Nature Spirituality. Ed. Bron Taylor. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2013.

—. “Ecocinema and the Wildlife Film.” Cambridge Companion to Literature and Environment. Ed. Louise Westling. Cambridge, 2013.



Sterne, Jonathan (2007). “Out with the Trash: On the Future of New Media.” In Charles Acland, ed., Residual Media. Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press, 16-31. [↩]



Taylor, Nik. “Anthropomorphism and the Animal Subject.” Anthropocentrism: Humans, Animals, Environments. Brill, 2001: 265-279.




Willoquet-Maricondi, Paula. “Aimé Césaire’s A Tempest and Peter Greenaway’s Prospero’s Books as Ecological Rereadings and Rewritings of Shakespeare’s The Tempest.” In Reading the Earth: New Directions in the Study of Literature and Environment. Eds. Michael Branch, Rochelle Johnson, Daniel Patterson, and Scott Slovic. Moscow, Idaho: University of Idaho Press, 1998. 247-69. click here

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Journal Articles



At the Intersections of Ecocriticism.” Special issue of Qui Parle 19.2 (Spring/Summer 2011).


Arthurs, Jane, Usha Zacharias, Jennifer Blair, Richard Maxell, and Toby Miller. “Commentary and Criticism: Environment, Media, and New Gender Politics.” Feminist Media Studies. 8/3 (2008): 317-329.



Baym, Geoffrey, and Chirag Shah.  “Circulating Struggle: The On-line Flow of Environmental Advocacy Clips from the Daily Show and the Colbert Report.” Information Communication & Society, 14.7 (2011): 1017-1038.


Beinart, William and Katie McKeown. “Wildlife Media and Representations of Africa, 1950s to the 1970s.” Environmental History 14.2 (2009) 429-452.


Belmont, Cynthia. “Claiming Queer Space in/as Nature: An Ecofeminist Reading of Secretary.” ISLE. 19.2 (Spring 2012): 317-335.

—.”Ecofeminism and the Natural Disaster Heroine.” Women’s Studies, Jul/Aug2007, Vol. 36 Issue 5,: 349-372


Berrettini, Mark L. “’Danger! Danger! Danger!’ or When Animals Might Attack: Adventure Activism and Wildlife Film and Television.” Scope (2005):


Brereton, Pat. “Eco-cinema, sustainability and Africa: A reading of Out of Africa (1985), The Constant Gardener (2005), and District 9 (2010).” Journal of African Cinemas. (2013): 219-235


Brox, Ali. “The Process of Disaster: Environmental Justice Discourse and Spike Lee’s When the Levees Broke.” Green Humanities 1.1 (2015): 37-59.



Cammaer, Gerda. “Edward Burtynsky’s Manufactured Landscapes: The Ethics and Aesthetics of Creating Moving Images of Ecological Disasters.” Environmental Communication 3.1 (2009): 121-130.


Carman, Colin. “Grizzly Love: The Queer Ecology of Timothy Treadwell.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 18 (2013): 507-528.


Chang, Alenda. “Back to the Virtual Farm: Gleaning the Agriculture-Management Game.” ISLE 19.1 (Spring 2012): 237-252.

___. “Games as Environmental Texts.” Qui Parle 19.2 (2011). Web.


Chang, Chia-ju. ““I am insubstantial in the universe. But in the universe, there is nothing which is not me”: Toward a Chan Ecocriticism, Ecology, and The Experience of Film.” Special Forum on Ecocriticism and Theory. ISLE 17.4 (2010): 797-799.


Chu, Kiu-wai. “Ecocinema,” Journal of Chinese Cinemas. 2016 DOI: 10.1080/17508061.2016.1142728


Chute, David. “Organic Machine: The World of Hayao Miyazaki.” FilmComment. Nov./Ded. 1998. Web.


Clark, Joseph. “The Environmental Semiotics of Virtual Worlds: Reading the ‘Splash Aquatics’ Store in Second Life.” Graduate Journal of Social Science. 8.3 (2011): 47-64.


Cubitt, Sean. “The Sound of Silence.” Screen. 51.2 (Summer 2010): 118-128.



Dahlstrom, Michael and Dietram A. Scheufele. “Diversity of Television Exposure and its Association with the Cultivation of Concern for Environmental Risks.” Environmental Communication 4.1 (2010): 54-65.


Dawson, Max. “Face to Face with the E-Waste of Tomorrow at the 2010 Consumer Electronics Show.” FlowTV  11.7 (Feb. 2010) Web.


DeLaune, Marilyn. “Environmental Comedy: No Impact Man and the Performance of Green Identity.” Environmental Communication 5.4 (2011): 447-466.


Del Rio, Esteban. “Problems, Potential, and Place in Portlandia.” FlowTV 13.1 (Feb. 2011) Web.



“Ecocinema Audiences.” Special issue of Interactions: Studies in Communication and Cultures. Ed. Pietari Kääpä. Includes six peer-reviewed articles. Volume 4, Issue 2 (October 2013).


“Ecohorror.” Special issue of Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment. Eds. Stephen Rust and Carter Soles.  Includes six peer-reviewed articles. 21.3 (Summer 2014).



Ferrari, Matthew. “From “Play to Display”: Parkour as Media-Mimetics, or Nature Reclamation?” FlowTV 11.13 (May 2010) Web.



Good, Jennifer Ellen. “The Cultivation, Mainstreaming, and Cognitive Processing of Environmentalists Watching Television.” Environmental Communication 3.3 (2009): 279-297.


Green.” Special Issue of NECSUS: European Journal of Media Studies. Spring 2013:


Green, Doyle. “The Dialectic of The Weather Channel.” FlowTV  15.6 (Feb. 2012) Web.


Gurevitch, Leon.”100% Pure Imperial Ecology: Marketing the Environment in Antipodean Film and Advertising.” New Zealand Journal of Media Studies 12.1 (2010): 58-97.

—.”Global Warming: Google Earth as Eco-machinima.“ Convergence 20.1 (Feb. 2014): 85-107.



Hansen, Anders. “Communication, Media and Environment: Towards Reconnecting Research on the Production, Content, and Social Implications of Environmental Communication.” International Communication Gazette 73 (2011): 7-25.


Hawkins, Joan. “Critical Art on Trial.” FlowTV  7.1 (April 2008).


Hegglund, John. “Patrick Keiller’s Ambient Narratives: Screen Ecologies of the Built Environment.” ISLE (Spring 2013): 274-95.


Heise, Ursula, “Plasmatic Nature: Environmentalism and the Animated Film.”  Public Culture 26.2 (2014): 301-308.


Hoofd, Ingrid. “Fine Intentions and Dire Delusions: The Simulated Ethos of the Greenhouse Effect.” FlowTV  9.12 (May 2009. Web


Hughes, Peter. “The End of Life on Earth: Discourses of Risk in Natural History Documentaries.” Screening the Past. 28 (September 2010): Web.


Hurley, Karen. “Is that a Future we Want?: An Ecofeminist Exploration of Images of the Futures in Contemporary Film. Futures 40.4 (2008): 346-359.


Ingram, David. “Fly Away Home and the Hollywood Conservationist Movie”. Scope: an on-line journal of film studies,, 2000.

—. “For Free?: Theorising consumption, commerce, and the environmental costs of artistic production.” Green Letters. No. 8. Spring 2007, 13-22.


Ivakhiv, Adrian “Green Film Criticism and its Futures,” ISLE (Summer 2008). 1-28.



Jarvinen, Aki. “Quake Goes the Environment: Game Aesthetics and Archeologies.” Digital Creativity 12.2 (2001): 67-76.


Jue, Melody. “Proteus and the Digital: Scalar Transformations of Seawater’s Materiality in Ocean Animations.” Animation 9 (July 2014): 245-260.



Kääpä, Pietari, Ed.  “Ecocinemas of Transnational China – Special Issue“. Interactions:Studies in Communications and Cultures, 2:2, 2012.


King, Andrew. “The Politics of ‘dirt’ in Dirty Jobs.  FlowTV  13.01 (Oct. 2010) Web.


Kollin, Susan. “Toxic Subjectivity: Gender and Ecologies of Whiteness in Todd Haynes’s Safe.” ISLE 9.1 (2002): 121-139.



Ladino, Jennifer K. “For the Love of Nature: Documenting Life, Death, and Animalty in Grizzly Man and March of the Penguins.” ISLE 16:1 (Winter 2009): 53-90.


Leiserowitz, Anthony A. “Before and After The Day After Tomorrow: A U.S. Study of Climate Change Risk Perception.” Environment. 46/9 (Nov. 2004): 34.


Lim, Tai Wei. “Spirited Away: Conceptualizing a Film-Based Case Study through Comparative Narratives of Japanese Ecological and Environmental Discourses.” Animation Journal 8.2 (2013): 149-162.


Lindenfeld, Laura. “Can Documentary Food Films Like Food, Inc. Achieve their Promise?” Environmental Communication 4.3.



MacDonald, Scott.”Ten+(Alternative) Films about American Cities.” ISLE 8.1 (2001): 53-72.

—. “Toward an Eco-Cinema.” ISLE 11.2 (Summer 2004): 107-132.

—.“Up Close and Political: Three Short Ruminations on Ideology in the Nature Film.” Film Quarterly 59.3 (Spring 2006): 4-21.


Mayui, K., BD Solomon, J Chang. “The Ecological and Consumption themes of the Films of Hayao Miyazaki.” Ecological Economics 54.1 (2005): 1-7.


McCabe, Colin . “Realism and the Cinema: Notes on Some Brechtian Theses,” Screen, 15:2 (Summer 1974), 16-.


McClean, Adrienne. “Biting Off Your Long Tail: Ruminations on Animal Planet.” FlowTV  10.9 (Oct. 2009) Web.


Miller, Toby. “Creative Industries or Wasteful Ones?” (with Richard Maxwell). Urban China 33 (2008) 122 <>.


Miller, Toby and Richard Maxwell. “E-Waste: Elephant in the Living Room. Flow 9:3 (2008) <>.

— “Green Smokestacks?” Feminist Media Studies 8:3 (2008) 324-29.

—“La mano visible.” Pagina 12 (6 August 2008) <>.


Monani, Salma. “At the Intersections of Ecosee and Just Sustainability: New Directions for Communication Theory and Practice.” Introduction to Special Issue on Cinema, New Media, and Just Sustainability. Environmental Communication 5.2 (2011): 141-45.

—. “Wilderness Discourse in Adventure–Nature Films: The Potentials and Limitations of Being Caribou.” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment  (Winter 2012) 19 (1): 101-122.


Murray, Robin, and Joseph Huemann. “Dark City, Noir, and the Space between: Or it is our Nature to Live in the Dark?” Scope: An Online Journal of Film and TV Studies 10 (2008) <>.

—. “Al Gore’s an Inconvenient Truth and its Skeptics: A Case of Environmental Nostalgia.” Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media 49 (2007): <>.

—. “Bambi and Mr. Bug Goes to Town: Nature with or without Us.” ISLE 18.4 (Autumn 2011): 779-800.



New Zealand Media and Environment. Special issue of New Zealand Journal of Media Studies. Angi Buettner and Geoffrey Craig, Editors 12.1 (2010). Includes five peer-reviewed articles.



O’Brien, Adam. “Regarding Things in Nashville and The Exterminating Angel: Another Path for Eco-Film Criticism.” ISLE (Spring 2013): 258-273.


Opel, Andy. “Structural Change? Environmental Documentary and Globalization.” Environmental Communication Journal of Nature and Culture 1.1 (2007): 111-8.


Opel, Andy and Jason Smith. “ZooTycoon: Capitalism, Nature, and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Ethics and the Environment 9.2 (2004): 103-120.



Pandian, Anand. “Landscapes of Expression: Affective Encounters in South Indian Cinema.” Cinema Journal 51.1 (Fall 2011): 50-74.


Parikka, Jussi. Unnatural Ecologies – Media Ecologies-special issue (with Michael Goddard) for Fibreculture. 2011.


Past, Elena. “Lives Aquatic: Mediterranean Cinema and an Ethics of Underwater Existence.” Cinema Journal. 48:3 (Spring 2009): 52-65.



Retzinger, Jean. “Cultivating the Agrarian Myth in Hollywood.” Enviropop: Studies in Environmental Rhetoric and Popular Culuter. Ed. Mark Meister and Phyllis Japp. Westport, CT: Praeger Press, 2002. 45-62.

—. “Eleven Miles South of Hollywood: Analyzing Narrative Strategies in The Garden.” Environmental Communication 5.3 (2011): 337-343.


Roberts, Martin. “Another Green World: Lifestyle Television’s Environmental Turn.” FlowTV  9.1 (Oct. 2008). Web.


Russill, Chris. “Climate Change Virus Targets Poland! Copenhagen and China Next!” FlowTV  9.2 (Nov. 2008). Web.

—. “Whale Wars: A Deeper Shade of Green on the Public Screen.” FlowTV 9.11 (April 2009). Web.


Rust, Stephen. “Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Approach.” Book Review. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 18 (Winter 2011): 479-481.

—. “Comfortably Numb: Material Ecocriticism and the Postmodern Horror Film.” ISLE 21.3 (2014): 550-561.

—.“Film and Ecology.” Book Review. JumpCut 52 (2010):



Sawers, Naarah Catherine and Kristin Demetrious. “Are All the Animals Gone? The Politics of Contemporary Hunter Arcade Games.” Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies. 24.2 (2010): 241-250.


Scahill, Andrew. “Pigmalion: Animality and Failure in Here Comes Honey Boo Boo.” FlowTV  16.6 (Sept. 2012) Web.


Scott, Karen D. “Popularizing Science and Nature Programming: The Role of ‘Spectacle’ in Contemporary Wildlife Documentary.” Journal of Popular Film and Television 31.1 (2003): 29-35.


Scott, Karen D. and Anne M. White. “Unnatural History? Deconstructing the Walking with Dinosaurs Phenomenon.” Media Culture Society May 2003. Vol. 25 No. 3: 315-332.


Shanahan, James and Michael Morgan. “Green or Brown? Television and the Cultivation of Environmental Concern.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 41.3 (1997): 305-323.


Seymour, Nicole. ““It’s Just Not Turning Up”: Cinematic Vision and Environmental Justice in Todd Haynes’s Safe.” Cinema Journal 50.4 (2011): 26-47.


Simpson, Catherine. “Australian Eco-horror and Gaia’s Revenge: Animals Econationalism and the ‘New Nature’.” Studies in Australian Cinema 4.1 (2010): 43-54.


Slawter, Lisa D. “TreeHugger TV: Re-Visualizing Environmental Activism in the Post-Network Era.” Environmental Communication 2.2 (2008): 212-228.


Smith, Michelle and Elizabeth Parsons. “Animating Child Activism: Environmentalism and Class Politics in Ghibli’s Princess Mononoke (1997) and Fox’s Fern Gully (1992).” Continuum 26.1 (2012): 25-37.


Starosielski, Nicole. “Movements that are drawn’: A history of environmental animation from The Lorax to FernGully to Avatar.” International Communication Gazette (February 2011): 145-163.

—.”Subaquatic Frames.” FlowTV  15.9 (March 2012):

—. “Underwater Flow.” FlowTV 15.1 (Oct. 2011) Web.


Stephens, Gregory. “Confining Nature: Rites of Passage, Eco-Indigenes and the Uses of Meat in WALKABOUT.” ‘Senses of Cinema.’ (July 2009): 1-14.

—. Koyaanisqatsi and the Visual Narrative of Environmental Film.” Screening the Past. 28 (September 2010): Web.


Stewart, Julie and Thomas Clark. “Lessons from South Park: A Comic Corrective to Environmental Puritanism.” Environmental Communication 5.3 (2011): 320-336.


Stumpo, Jeff. “E-cology: EverQuest and the Environment(s).” ISLE 15:2 (Summer 2008): 29-40.


Subramanian, Janani.Life: Oprah Gone Wild.” FlowTV  12.7 (Aug. 2010) Web.


Todd, Anne Marie. “Anthropocentric Distance in National Geographic‘s Environmental Aesthetic.” Environmental Communication 4.2 (2010): 206-224.


Tong, Chris. “Ecology without Scale: Unthinking the World Zoom.” Animation 9 (July 2014): 196-211.



Vivanco, Luis.”Seeing Green: Knowing and Saving the Environment on Film.” American Anthropology 104.4 (2002): 1195-2002.

—.”The Work of Environmentalism in the Age of Televisual Adventures.” Cultural Dynamics 16.1 (2004): 5-27.



Wardell, K. Brenna. “Waste Not: Luis Buñuel Frames Space and Waste in The Phantom of Liberty.The Cine-Files (June 2013):


Welling, Bart. “Squeal Like a Pig: Manhood, Wilderness, and Imperialist Nostalgia in John Boorman’s Deliverance.” Green Letters 6 (2005): 24-38.


Willoquet-Maricondi, Paula. “Eco-Cinema as Environmental Activism.” The Mid Atlantic Almanack, 16 (2007): 125-45

—.”The Greening of Cultural Studies: Peter Greenaway’s Contract with Nature in The Draughtsman’s Contract.” Green Letters 6 (Winter 2005): 9-23. Revised and reprinted in Framing the World: Explorations in Ecocriticism and Film.

—.”The Exploitation of Human and Nonhuman Nature in Peter Greenaway’s A Zed and two Noughts.” Interdisciplinary Journal of Literature and the Environment (ISLE) 10.1 (2003): 55-74.

—.”Fleshing the Text: The Pillow Book and the Erasure of the Body.” Postmodern Culture: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism 9.2 (1999). click here

—.”Review Essay of David Whitley, The Idea of Nature in Disney Animation. Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2008.” Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 4.2 (July 2009): 203-11 click here

—.”Review Essay of Liz Miller, The Water Front. Distributed by Bullfrogfilms, 2007 and Oscar Olivera & Tom Lewis Cochabamba! Water War in Bolivia. Cambridge, MA: South End Press 2004.” Green Theory and Praxis: The Journal of Ecopedagogy. click here


Wolfe, Dylan. “The Video Rhizome: Taking Technology Seriously in The Meatrix.” Environmental Communication 3.2 (2009): 317-34.



Yates, Michelle. “Labor as ‘Nature,’ Nature as Labor: ‘Stay the Course’ of Capitalism in Wall-E‘s Edenic Recovery Narrative.” ISLE (Summer 2015): 525-543.



Ziser, Michael and Julie Sze, “Climate Change, Environmental Aesthetics, and Global Environmental Justice Cultural Studies,” Discourse 29.2 (Spring & Fall, 2007): 384-410.
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